Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a neurological condition that is characterized by difficulty focusing. Oftentimes individuals with ADD have trouble completing tasks, following instructions, or engaging in social interactions.
At Mecklenburg Neurology, our physicians have the skill and experience necessary for diagnosing and treating attention deficit disorder. During a neurologist consultation at our Charlotte, NC practice, we can provide care and guidance so patients can improve their overall quality of life.
ADD vs ADHD
You’ve likely heard the terms ADD and ADHD used interchangeably. ADHD is the updated, official medical term for this neurological condition. Because there are several types of the disorder – some that cause hyperactivity and some that do not – many individuals still use the term ADD to describe the inattentive-type, which is characterized by lack of focus or forgetfulness.
Types of ADHD
There are three primary types of attention deficit disorder, including:
- Impulsive/hyperactive: The least common of the ADHD types, this is characterized by impulsive behaviors. However, those with this type do not exhibit distractibility or inattention.
- Inattentive and distractible: Individuals with this type exhibit inattention and distractibility but do not show signs of hyperactivity.
- Combined type: The most common type of ADHD, individuals with this condition exhibit signs of distractibility and inattention as well as hyperactive or impulsive behaviors.
How Age Affects ADHD
ADHD is often considered a childhood disorder – something that young individuals will eventually “grow out of”. However, this condition affects people of all ages. The symptoms merely evolve over time. For this reason, many cases of ADHD go undiagnosed for many years. In the sections below, we’ll take a look at some of the most common ADHD symptoms in children and adults.
ADHD Symptoms in Children
The following list is intended as an overview and not a diagnostic tool. Children with ADHD may exhibit these symptoms:
- Difficulty paying attention during tasks
- Makes careless mistakes
- Fidgets often or cannot sit still
- Trouble organizing tasks
- Loses things often
- Exhibits signs of restlessness
- Talks excessively
- Easily distracted
- Interrupts others often
- Appears to have difficulty listening when spoken to
- Sometimes fails to follow through on instructions
ADHD Symptoms in Adults
By the time individuals with ADHD reach adulthood, they may have found ways to direct their energy in more productive ways. However, many find that they still have difficulty focusing during the day. Adult ADHD symptoms may include:
- Poor time management skills
- Difficulty coping with stress
- Problems organizing or prioritizing
- Mood swings
- Difficulty multitasking
- Trouble completing tasks
- Excessive restlessness
An official diagnosis is obtained by assessing several criteria. For example, several of the symptoms mentioned above must be present before the age of 12. Furthermore, these warning signs are evident in multiple settings – home, work, school, etc. Patients are also screened to ensure that these symptoms are not the result of another mental health condition. Once a diagnosis has been made, your doctor will talk with you about treatment options.
It’s important to understand that ADHD does not have a cure. However, its symptoms can be successfully managed through various approaches. While medication is the most common treatment, it can be combined with other supplemental therapies, such as:
- Psychotherapy and counseling
- Behavioral training and strategies
- Education and coaching
- Social skills training
- Support groups
Our doctors at Mecklenburg Neurology are committed to providing comprehensive care for individuals diagnosed with ADHD. Every patient is unique. We can help find a solution that works for you.
Schedule an Appointment Today
If you or your child are exhibiting symptoms of ADHD, contact us to schedule a neurologist consultation at our Charlotte, NC practice.
We have four locations throughout the greater Charlotte area for your convenience. Call us today at (704) 335-3400.